Saturday, March 25, 2017

Religious and Group Identity


PANTHEON? WHAT PANTHEON?

by

This article might be regarded as a follow-up to several other papers and articles that the present author has presented in recent years on the subject of religious change and diversity in the Nordic countries during the Migration Period and Viking Age (see, for example, Gunnell 2007, 2010,2013 and forthcoming a). The papers in question echo in […]

The Background and Nature of the Annual and Occasional Rituals of the Ásatrúarfélag in Iceland

by

Abstract. This paper is largely based on interviews which were taken with Jörmundur Ingi Hansen, and Hilmar Örn Hilmarsson, the last two allsherjagoðar (high priests) of the Icelandic Ásatrúarfélag (a society which involves the active worship of the Old Nordic gods). The interviews focused on the nature and background of the rituals and prayers used […]

‘Edda and “Oral Christianity”: Apocryphal Leaves of the Early Medieval Storyworld of the North’

by

Until the end of the eleventh century Scandinavia was still to a large extent an unknown and frightening world to the Western Church. From around 1100, however, under the age of the crusading movement, it quickly became a firmly integrated part of Latin Christianity and of the culture of Carolingian heritage This transformation of Northern […]

Continuity: Folklore’s Problem Child?

 
by

Abstract: : This essay examines the role of continuity in the study of medieval Northern popular cultural. Among other issues, it questions: the nature of continuity as a concept; the roles “tradition” and “continuity” have played in the development of folklore studies historically (e.g. Finnish Historical-Geographic Method, the “superorganic”) and their value today in relation […]

The Winter Goddess: Percht, Holda, And Related Figures

by

MOST of our knowledge of Germanic myth is derived from the Old Icelandic texts and especially from the Eddas. The Eddic tales centre their attention on the trials and triumphs of the male members of the pantheon and tell us little of the female forces.’ That these wielded power we learn, however, from votive monuments, from the names of […]

The Acculturation of Scandinavians in England: A Consideration of the Burial Record

 
by

The portrayal of the ‘Vikings’ as an archetypal barbarian ‘other,’ wreaking death and destruction wherever they went, was already current in the medieval period,but in England the depictions became more extreme in the centuries after the attacks. This paper will focus on the texts and archaeology of ninth- and tenth-century England and argue that in many respects […]

An Island in the Middle of An Island: On cult, laws and authority in Viking Age Gotland.

 
by

The present-day small village of Roma on Gotland in the Baltic Sea was the physical and symbolic centre of the island in the Iron Age and into Medieval times. Te Cistercian monastery and the meeting place of the island’s assembly, the all-thing, two well-known features of medieval Roma, have often been taken as indications of an egalitarian and non-stratified society […]

Studying Religion-Concepts, Methods and Dilemmas

 
by

My paper aims at addressing some of the problems and challenges faced by the study of religion(s) and at presenting briefly the academic context of that study. Originally published: (February, 2009) Confluence. Iterdisciplinary Communications 2007/2009.  Willy Østreng (ed). Centre for Advanced Study. http://www.cas.uio.no/publications_/confluence.php