Keywords: Christian influence

‘Edda and “Oral Christianity”: Apocryphal Leaves of the Early Medieval Storyworld of the North’

by

Until the end of the eleventh century Scandinavia was still to a large extent an unknown and frightening world to the Western Church. From around 1100, however, under the age of the crusading movement, it quickly became a firmly integrated part of Latin Christianity and of the culture of Carolingian heritage This transformation of Northern […]

The Acculturation of Scandinavians in England: A Consideration of the Burial Record

 
by

The portrayal of the ‘Vikings’ as an archetypal barbarian ‘other,’ wreaking death and destruction wherever they went, was already current in the medieval period,but in England the depictions became more extreme in the centuries after the attacks. This paper will focus on the texts and archaeology of ninth- and tenth-century England and argue that in many respects […]

An Island in the Middle of An Island: On cult, laws and authority in Viking Age Gotland.

 
by

The present-day small village of Roma on Gotland in the Baltic Sea was the physical and symbolic centre of the island in the Iron Age and into Medieval times. Te Cistercian monastery and the meeting place of the island’s assembly, the all-thing, two well-known features of medieval Roma, have often been taken as indications of an egalitarian and non-stratified society […]

The Convergence of Paganism and Christianity

 
by

“In the north of Europe, conversion was not a simple replacement of the old pagan religion with Christian belief; rather, a convergence of two living world views took place, creating for at least several centuries a composite with strong ties to the pagan past.” Originally Published: 31st International Congress on Medieval StudiesKalamazoo, Michigan 1996 Deborah […]